Men and women have similar in-hospital death rates, but women get less treatment
Male and female patients with acute heart failure have similar in-hospital mortality rates and stayed in the hospital for similar amounts of time, but women were less likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft surgery or intra-aortic balloon pump support.
Women generally present at an older age, higher systolic blood pressure, and a higher heart rate, according to the Alarm-HF study, which included nearly 5,000 patients hospitalized with AHF in Europe, Latin America and Australia.
Men with AHF came in with higher rates of cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia, smoking and asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but women were more likely to have atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, anemia and depression.
Women more likely to survive TAVI
Women with severe aortic stenosis are 40% more likely to survive a transcatheter aortic valve implantation procedure than are men with similar severities of heart disease, according to researchers from St. Paul’s Hospital in Quebec.
Obesity may trigger heart rhythm disorders in women
The risk of developing atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder, may be twice as high in otherwise healthy and fertile obese women (those with a BMI of 30-35 kg/m2) and 3 times as high in very obese women (those with BMI greater than 35 kg/m2) when compared with health weight women (those with BMI of 18.5-25).
Men more likely to get drug-eluting stents
German women over the age of 70 were "slightly but significantly" less likely than men to receive drug-eluting stents rather than bare-metal stent for all indications in which stenting is performed, including stable angina and acute coronary syndrome, according to a German registry.
Elderly women with AF 20% more likely to have a stroke
Female atrial fibrillation patients over the age of 75 were 20% more likely to have a stroke than their male counterparts, according to a Danish registry study of more than 87,000 AF patients, about half of which were women.